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Els advocats ucraïnesos citen violacions dels drets humans "flagrants" a Ucraïna

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700_942846d97f7a48f31b6e54f29e281b6bA group of leading Ukrainian lawyers have spoken out against “flagrant” human rights violations in the trouble-torn country. They were speaking at a debate in the European Parliament in Strasbourg on the future of Ukraine.  

The debate, ‘Ukraine between internal problems and European expectations’, was particularly timely as the Parliament used the recent anniversary of signing the Ukraine-European Union Association Agreements to urge Ukraine to conduct reforms.   In the last few days, ten MEPs have also proposed appointing an EU special representative for Ukraine which is now into its second year of bloody civil war.

A lawyer who is based in Odessa, Kyryl Shevchuk, told the roundtable during the Parliament]s monthly plenary that there are  “several important problems in Ukraine that Europe does not know about”.

The lawman went on: “While we are trying to pursue closer integration with Europe we are running up complex problems unique to Ukraine, including human rights violations. I have documents relating to physical mistreatment of people arrested in Ukraine.     “Ukrainian judges give rulings without any pleadings and rehash the proof which is put to them. Currently, the only aim of Ukrainian justice is to defend the interest of the ruling oligarchy and central government.”

Alexey Glazov, another Odessa based lawyer and another keynote speaker at the event, spoke of the “actual situation” in Ukraine concerning basic human rights violations.  “Unfortunately, the situation in Ukraine today cannot be talked of as a place where the rule of law applies. If you do not agree with the government you are regarded as an enemy and no one is interested in solid evidence. In Ukraine, everything has been turned on its head. Federalism is separatism and participation in peaceful demonstrations or anything that questions the government line is regarded as a crime.

“It means there have been many arrests of people on the pretext that they represent a threat to national security but no evidence is ever submitted, only a suspicion. The courts blindly follow the government line by depriving people of their basic rights under due process. They have no alternative but to do as the government says.”

He cited the case of a client, Artyom Buzila, a Ukraine journalist whose opinions were not in line with the government, who was arrested, beaten up and forced to sign a confession which he never read. “This situation has become known as the fight for national security but needs to be drawn to the situation of people in Europe,” the European Parliament in Strasbourg has been told. The statements from the two lawyers come as the Parliament President Martin Schulz described recent comments by Ukraine’s President Petro Poroshenko that the country will be ready to join the EU “within five to six years” as “rather ambitious”.

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El debat, el dimarts, conclou una sèrie d'esdeveniments recents organitzats per l'Acadèmia Europea amb seu a Estrasburg, que busca ajudar a trobar una solució duradora al conflicte.

In the debate Czech MEP Miroslav Ransdorf said that Ukraine has been turned into the most impoverished state in Europe and that its recovery from the bitter internal conflict will take 20 years to rectify.  “It is a tragedy,” he said.  At the same time, he underlined that the most important thing at the moment is full implementation of what are known as the Minsk 2 Agreements.

Signats al febrer, es demana diverses mesures, inclosa la retirada d'armes pesades per les dues parts, un règim eficaç de control i verificació de l'alto el foc, l'inici d'un diàleg sobre la celebració d'eleccions locals, l'alliberament de tots els ostatges i altres detinguts il·legalment. persones, un indult i una amnistia en prohibir qualsevol processament de figures implicades en el conflicte de Donetsk i Luhansk i la restauració dels vincles socials i econòmics amb les zones afectades.

Minsk 2 was signed by Russian President Vladimir Putin, Poroshenko, French President Francois Hollande and Angela Merkel, the German Chancellor and followed the collapse within days of a similar deal last September. The Minsk 2 agreement also demands constitutional reform in Ukraine, with the adoption of a new constitution by the end of this year and the restoration full social and economic links with the affected areas in Donbass. According to Ransdorf, who is a member of the GUE group in Parliament, the leaders of the two regions, Donestk and Luhansk, say there is no need for independence, just some form of autonomy. “The problem is that without constitutional change solving the problem of these two regions is not possible. You cannot implement the Minsk 2 Agreement without this.

“I have asked Federica Mogherini (EU foreign policy chief) about this and she agreed with me, saying Kiev has to undertake these reforms.It is therefore surprising that no one in the European Parliament wants to speak about these things. the problem also is that no one will discuss this with the two regions, therefore, the Minsk 2 agreement is being violated.”

One of the Minsk 2 provisions calls for the removal of all foreign armed formations yet the debate heard that 290 U.S parratroopers were recently despatched to Ukraine. According to some speakers this is a “clear violation” of Minsk 2 Agreements.

Further contribution came from Luis Durnwalder, former president of the autonomous region of South Tyrol of Italy, said: “We had a similar situation in South Tyrol to the Donbass.We have three different language groups, German, Italian and Latin and have had problems in the past in trying to ensure that our traditions and rights to autonomy were respected.

"És possible que el Tirol del Sud pugui ser un model per resoldre el problema del Donbass".

L’economista i politòleg italià Andrea Villoti va recolzar fermament l’oferta de la regió d’Odessa per obtenir un estatus de porto franc, dient que això proporcionarà oportunitats addicionals en el camp econòmic i no perjudicarà la unitat del país perquè veiem exemples de la condició de porto franco en altres països. Durant una animada discussió en una reunió plena, Jean-Luc Schaffhauser, un europarlamentari francès, va donar una visió general de les violacions bàsiques dels acords de Minsk 2 per part de Kíev.

“The terms of Minsk 2 have not been implemented. Special status of  free elections in Donbass have not been applied.  Former Ukrainian MP and senior government minister Anatolii Tolstoukhov stressed that the political and social situation in Ukraine in recent weeks had changed for the worse with the economy heading towards bankruptcy and a continuing violation of human rights.

He said: “It is becoming a tragic comedy since we have a complete deadlock in the east of the country where people are still dying and towns destroyed.” He added that in his opinion Ukraine should remain a neutral state, protected by the UN, between Europe and Asia.

He said: “We have to be prepared for decentralization and federalization measures which are entirely democratic and political persecutions must stop. Given the situation where human rights are being violated, talking about independence is just playing at politics. You cannot fight corruption merely by looking another way. It is important to see that at present there is no dialogue between those in power,opposition and the rebel republics. The situation is such that soon people will reject those in power given that what they are doing is against their interests and armed groups will simply come to the fore in Ukraine.”

Italian political scientist Alessandro Musolino said the Minsk 2 agreements will work only in case Europe takes measures and makes Kiev to sit at the negotiation table. Kiev, he said, must show “real deeds” but not only words concerning implementation of the Minsk agreements.  He said: “Europe should understand that Russia is not our enemy but our partner and a loyal one in fighting terrorism such as IS. Let us not forget this. We must clearly state that the ball is on the Ukrainian side regarding implementation of Minsk agreements. Donbass must have a solution since we have examples of South Tyrol and others.”

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