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Debat sobre el #terrorisme: "L'amenaça sembla augmentar a la UE i més enllà"

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20160121PHT10959_originalMentre els terroristes continuen atacant a tot el món, els eurodiputats van discutir la millor manera de fer front a l'amenaça creixent. Durant el debat del dijous al matí (21 de gener), els ponents van destacar la importància de l'intercanvi d'informació i la necessitat de reforçar els controls fronterers i van demanar als estats membres que intensifiquessin la col·laboració.

Dutch Foreign Minister Bert Koenders, speaking on behalf of the Council, said: “Judging from recent events the terrorist threat seems to be increasing in the European Union, but also in its vicinity and further afield.”

cooperació

Molts ponents han subratllat que els estats membres han de treballar junts entre ells i països de fora de la UE per combatre el terrorisme. Koenders va dir que l'intercanvi d'informació i la cooperació operativa eren les principals prioritats del Consell i va citar l'acord provisional els registres de noms de passatgers (PNR) as an example: “The agreement on the European Union PNR directive will support police and intelligence agencies in tracking down possible terrorists and criminals by accessing travel details of passengers.”

Dimitris Avramopoulos, the commissioner for migration and home affairs, said: “[Member states] need to trust each other more, share more information between themselves and also with Europol. The threats we face are common, our approaches to the threats need to be common too. This is not a competition; we reinforce each other if we co-operate.”

Jan Philipp Albrecht (Greens/EFA, Germany) called on member states to take their responsibility: “It was members states who blocked many measures to set common standards in the area of criminal proceedings of co-operation on organized crime and terrorism, especially on information sharing between institutions and authorities of the member states and Europol or other agencies on the European level. And it is still not working.”

This was echoed by Avramopoulos: “On a personal basis I can tell you I’m not happy with the cooperation so far. Unfortunately most of the member states keep the best of the information for themselves.”

anunci

Angel Dzhambazki (ECR, Bulgaria) highlighted the role played by countries outside the EU: “Unfortunately terrorist organizations have been underestimated, radicalization has been underestimated and actually multiculturalism has failed and unfortunately many countries continue with rather reckless policies towards countries such as Turkey, Saudi Arabia and Qatar that sponsor terrorist organizations. It’s time to put an end to this.”

Migració

El tema de migració va demostrar ser un tema controvertit durant el debat. Durant l'any passat, un nombre sense precedents de migrants es va dirigir a Europa i va conduir molts països a reintroduir temporalment els controls fronterers dins de la zona Schengen. Alguns temen que els terroristes puguin fer ús de la crisi migratòria per entrar a Europa.

Elissavet Vozemberg-Vrionidi (EPP, Greece) warned against conflating migration with terrorism: “These two phenomena certainly can’t be linked.”

Steven Woolfe (EFDD, Regne Unit) va dir que la majoria dels migrants van venir a Europa per motius econòmics i que eren els sol·licitants d'asil els que fugien del terrorisme.

Vicky Maeijer (ENF, Netherlands) stressed the importance of border controls: “If you want to protect Europeans then it’s time that we accept that the only solution in to close our national borders and sending back all the so-called asylum seekers.”

Lampros Fountoulis, a non-attached member from Greece, said: “European countries allowed terrorism onto the streets of Europe. We are seeing racism and all sorts of other phenomena. We need sensible ways to tackle terrorists.”

Necessitat de mesures equilibrades

Tot i que els eurodiputats es van pronunciar a favor de mesures per combatre el terrorisme, diversos van advertir que calia que fossin justes i equilibrades.

Birgit Sippel (S&D, Germany) said a European-wide definition of terrorist acts and other crime was needed: “Fair procedures must always be guaranteed, so that cases don’t fall because of insufficient proof. We need to prevent and prosecute.”

Petr Ježek (ALDE, Czech Republic) called for measures to promote our external and internal security, but stressed: “Of course these measures should be effective but not excessive,” he said.

Inês Cristina Zuber (GUE/NGL, Portugal) warned that measures adopted to fight terrorism could undermine freedom. “They are part and parcel of militarisation and war which lead to racism and xenophobia,” she said, arguing for an end to interference in sovereign states, which she said was one of the causes of terrorism.

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