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L'informe confirma l'èxit de SURE en la protecció de llocs de treball i ingressos

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La Comissió ha publicat la seva primera avaluació preliminar de l’impacte de SURE, l’instrument de 100 milions d’euros dissenyat per protegir els llocs de treball i els ingressos afectats per la pandèmia COVID-19.

L'informe constata que SURE ha aconseguit amortir el sever impacte socioeconòmic resultant de la crisi del COVID-19. Ha contribuït a garantir que l’increment de l’atur als estats membres beneficiaris durant la crisi hagi estat significativament menor que durant la crisi financera mundial, tot i experimentar una disminució més gran del PIB.

SURE is a crucial element of the EU’s comprehensive strategy to protect citizens and mitigate the severely negative socio-economic consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic. It provides financial support in the form of loans granted on favourable terms from the EU to member states to finance national short-time work schemes, and other similar measures to preserve employment and support incomes, notably for the self-employed, and some health-related measures. The Commission has so far proposed a total of €90.6 billion in financial support to 19 member states. SURE can still make over €9bn of financial assistance available and member states can still submit requests for support. The Commission stands ready to assess additional top-up requests from member states in response to the resurgence of COVID-19 infections and new restrictions.

Conclusions principals

The Commission’s report has found that the instrument supported between 25 and 30 million people in 2020. This represents around one quarter of the total number of people employed in the 18 beneficiary Member States.

També calcula que entre 1.5 i 2.5 milions d’empreses afectades per la pandèmia COVID-19 s’han beneficiat de SURE, cosa que els permet retenir els treballadors.

Member States have saved an estimated €5.8bn in interest payments by using SURE, compared to if they had issued sovereign debt themselves, thanks to the EU’s high credit rating. Future disbursements will likely generate further savings.

anunci

Els comentaris dels beneficiaris mostren que el suport SURE va jugar un paper important en la creació dels seus esquemes de treball a curt termini i en l’augment de la seva cobertura i volum.

Today’s report also covers the borrowing and lending operations to finance SURE. It finds that demand from Member States for the instrument has been strong, with more than 90% of the total €100bn envelope available under SURE already allocated. Interest from investors in SURE bonds has been similarly robust. By the cut-off date of the report, the Commission raised €53.5bn in the first four issuances, which were on average more than ten times over-subscribed. All funds have been raised as social bonds, giving investors confidence that their money goes towards measures with a real social purpose, sustaining families’ incomes at a time of crisis. The EU’s ability to raise money for SURE was supported by a €25bn guarantee from all member states, a strong signal of European solidarity.

El vicepresident executiu d'Economia que funciona per a les persones, Valdis Dombrovskis, va dir: "La iniciativa SURE ha demostrat el seu valor mantenint les persones ocupades i ocupades durant la crisi. Dissenyada com una de les tres xarxes de seguretat per fer front a les conseqüències a curt termini de la crisi, SURE ha donat suport amb èxit a desenes de milions de persones i empreses de tota la UE, protegint contra el risc d’atur i salvaguardant els mitjans de subsistència. A mesura que avancem cap a la recuperació, continuarem amb mesures per donar suport a una recuperació rica en llocs de treball i proporcionar suport actiu als treballadors i als mercats laborals ".

Nicolas Schmit, Comissari d’Ocupació i Drets Socials, va dir: “Today’s report confirms that SURE has been successful in protecting jobs and incomes from what could have been an even greater shock during the pandemic. SURE has been adopted and implemented in a very short time allowing Member States to react swiftly to the crisis. Millions of workers as well as companies and also the self-employed have benefited from this innovative instrument. The different short-time work models Member States put into place with the financial support of SURE have also preserved skills in companies which will be needed for a strong recovery.”

Fons

The Commission proposed the SURE Regulation on 2 April 2020, as part of the EU’s initial response to the pandemic. It was adopted by the Council on 19 May 2020 as a strong sign of European solidarity, and became available after all Member States signed the guarantee agreements on 22 September 2020. The first disbursement took place five weeks after SURE became available.

Today’s report is the first bi-annual report on SURE addressed to the Council, the European Parliament, the Economic and Financial Committee (EFC) and the Employment Committee (EMCO). Under Article 14 of the SURE Regulation, the Commission is legally required to issue such a report within 6 months of the day that the instrument became available. Subsequent reports will follow every six months for as long as SURE remains available.

El comissari de pressupostos i administració, Johannes Hahn, va dir: "Per primera vegada en la història, la Comissió ha emès bons socials als mercats, per recaptar diners que han contribuït a mantenir les persones ocupades durant la crisi. Com demostra l'informe sobre l'assistència temporal per mitigar els riscos d'atur en cas d'emergència (SURE), l'impacte positiu per a les empreses i els seus empleats és concret i tangible ".

Més enllà dels 18 estats membres discutits a l'informe, des de llavors la Comissió ha proposat concedir ajuda financera a un 19th Estat membre, Estònia, per un import de 230 milions d’euros. A més, la Comissió també ho ha fet elevat an additional €9bn of SURE bonds since the report’s cut-off date. A full overview of the funds raised under each issuance and the beneficiary member states is available online aquí.

El 4 de març, la Comissió va presentar un Recomanació sobre un suport actiu eficaç a l'ocupació després de la crisi del COVID-19 (EASE). Esbossa un enfocament estratègic per transitar gradualment entre les mesures d'emergència preses per preservar els llocs de treball durant la pandèmia i les noves mesures necessàries per a una recuperació rica en llocs de treball. Amb EASE, la Comissió promou la creació d’ocupació i les transicions entre llocs de treball, fins i tot cap al sector digital i el verd. Les seves tres recomanacions polítiques consisteixen en incentius a la contractació i suport empresarial; oportunitats de perfeccionament i reconversió; i un suport millorat pels serveis d’ocupació.

Economy Commissioner Paolo Gentiloni said: “The SURE programme has played a crucial role in protecting workers and the self-employed from the worst effects of the economic shock caused by the pandemic. Today’s report indicates that up to 30 million people and as many as 2.5 million firms in 18 EU countries have benefited from this groundbreaking European scheme. And Member States have saved an estimated €5.8bn by borrowing this money from the EU rather than on the markets. As we look forward to the roll-out of the Recovery and Resilience Facility, SURE offers an encouraging example of what European solidarity can deliver for our citizens.”

Més informació

Informe de la Comissió sobre la implementació de SURE

Lloc web SURE

Full de dades sobre SURE

Regulació SURE

UE com a lloc web prestatari

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