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Macedònia del Nord vota per posar fi a la disputa amb Bulgària i deixa pas a les converses amb la UE

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Els partidaris del partit d'oposició més gran de Macedònia del Nord, VMRO-DPMNE, onegen banderes i criden consignes en una manifestació demanant el rebuig de la proposta francesa a Skopje (Macedònia del Nord), 5 de juliol de 2022.

North Macedonia’s lawmakers approved a French-mediated deal to settle a dispute with Bulgaria, and open the door for long-awaited European Union membership negotiations.

The 120-seat parliament voted for the agreement with 68 votes. Opposition lawmakers didn’t vote and left the room.

“Today we are opening a new perspective for our country…from today we are moving with accelerated steps to join the EU family,” Prime Minister Dimitar Kovacevski said in a press conference after his cabinet approved parliament’s conclusions. Kovacevski said the first meeting between his government and the EU would be held today (19 July).

According to the deal, North Macedonia’s constitution should be amended in order to recognize a Bulgarian minority. However, the proposal doesn’t require Bulgaria to recognize the Macedonian language.

Bulgària també permetrà que el seu veí dels Balcans occidentals s'uneixi a les converses d'adhesió a la UE.

Ursula von der Leyen (President of the European Commission) visited Skopje on Thursday and encouraged lawmakers to vote for the deal. She said that the vote “paves way for rapid opening of the accession negotiations.”

anunci

Albania’s Prime Minister Edi Rama said Monday that an Albanian delegation would be traveling to Brussels to begin membership negotiations.

Antony Blinken, Secretary of State, USA, praised the vote and said Washington recognized “the difficult tradeoffs made in this compromise, that acknowledges and respects North Macedonia’s cultural identity, and the Macedonian languages.”

Hristijan Mickoski (leader of the largest opposition party VMRO/DPMNE), who has protested against the deal from the beginning of July, stated that “nothing was done”. Hristijan Mickoski, the leader of the largest opposition party VMRO-DPMNE, said that his party would not support constitutional changes that require two-thirds vote. The parliament of Bulgaria lifted its veto last month on Macedonian-EU negotiations. The protests in Bulgaria also led to a no confidence vote, which led to the downfall of the government.

Macedònia del Nord és una antiga república iugoslau que fa 17 anys que és candidata a la UE. Tanmateix, l'aprovació va ser bloquejada inicialment per Grècia, després per Bulgària.

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