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L'institut de Berlín aprofita l'experiència de la Segona Guerra Mundial per documentar els crims de guerra d'Ucraïna

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 L'Institut Pilecki de Berlín està utilitzant la seva investigació històrica del segle XX, inclosos els crims nazis durant la Segona Guerra Mundial, per recollir testimonis de refugiats sobre possibles crims de guerra a Ucraïna.

Després que Rússia envaís Ucraïna el 24 de febrer, la Cort Penal Internacional (CPI) va iniciar una investigació formal sobre possibles crims de guerra i crims contra la humanitat a Ucraïna.

El nom d'un oficial de cavalleria polonès, l'Institut Pilecki es va fundar per documentar crims de guerra realitzant entrevistes amb refugiats.

Mateusz Falkowski (deputy head of the institute), stated that they are gathering all witness reports on war crimes in Ukraine based on their experience as an institution that normally deals with the voices of victims from the Second World War.”

According to data from the Interior Ministry, more than 369,000 refugees fled Ukraine’s war.

Witness interviews begin with a brief written description of the witness’s situation during wartime. Then follow up with questions about specific events and times at those locations.

“For example, what occurred on the particular day and at this location, so in Mariupol or Kherson, or in any other locations. Falkowski stated, “Where they were and what exactly they saw.”

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Falkowski va afirmar que es van documentar crims com la destrucció d'infraestructures civils o monuments, violència sexual o altres crims de guerra. També va dir que el qüestionari s'ha dissenyat pensant en professionals del dret per garantir que les dades que conté siguin legals després de la guerra.

He said, “That means scientifically speaking that we are building an archive of oral history.”

“I hope that Ukraine won’t be forgotten. Falkowski stated that the hope is that people in the West )… will remember…if they can rely on these materials, interviews and documents.

It is located within walking distance of Berlin’s Holocaust Memorial.

The U.N.’s Human Rights Office stated that there is growing evidence of Russian war crimes against Ukraine. This included signs of indiscriminate bombardment and summary executions. It also said that Ukraine may have used weapons with indiscriminate results.

Russia refers to its incursion in Ukraine as a “specially military operation” that aims to disarm and “denazify” Ukraine. It denies any war crimes or targeting civilians.

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